
Patterns.
Recognizable regularities in situations such as in nature, shapes, events, sets of numbers. For example, spirals on a pineapple, snowflakes, geometric designs on quilts or wallpaper, the number sequence {0, 4, 8, 12, 16,...}.
Percentile.
A value on a scale that indicates the percent of a distribution that is equal to it or below it. For example, a score at the 95th percentile is equal to or better than 95 percent of the scores.
Permutations.
Possible arrangements of a set of objects in which the order of the arrangement makes a difference. For example, determining all the different ways five books can be arranged in order on a shelf.
Prime number.
A whole number greater than 1 that can be divided exactly (i.e., with no remainder) only by itself and 1. The first few primes are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37.
Pythagorean theorem (relationship).
In a right triangle, c2 = a2 + b2 , where c represents the length of the hypotenuse (the longest side of the triangle which is opposite the right angle), and a and b represent the lengths of the other two, shorter sides of the triangle.
Quadratic function.
A function that can be represented by an equation of the form y = ax2 + bx + c, where a, b, and c are arbitrary, but fixed, numbers and a 0. The graph of this function is a parabola.

